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  COME VEDERE L'ARCHITETTURA CONTEMPORANEA HOW TO SEE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
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BUILDING
 
 
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus
Paracelsus Public Bath
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DESIGNER
 
 
Berger+Parkkinen
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CONTEXT
 
Location
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceThe new public bath designed by Berger+Parkkinen Associated Architects highlights Salzburg’s landmarks and mountains, and represents a visionary architectural project in the city’s historical center.
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealice“The building’s outstanding impact is a result of the dialogue between the new spaces and existing surroundings — the baroque gardens known as Mirabellgarten, the old town and the surrounding mountains. The indoor swimming pool is conceived as an expansion of the park on the third floor,” states architect Alfred Berger
Relationship with the location
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceIn terms of urban design, the new "Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus" forms a joint between the late 19th century block structures of Auerspergstraße, the open development along Schwarzstraße, the landscape of the Kurgarten and the Mirabellgarten.
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceThe geometry of the building is swivelled towards the park, making a reference to the geometry of the vanished fortification-walls of the baroque period.
Masterplan
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealice
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DESCRIPTION
 
Swimming & the City
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceThe "Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus" was conceived as a three-dimensional landscape with the building’s main elements forming a clearly legible vertical layering. The rather introverted plinths of the bath contain on three floors the city's health and spa services and the pool's changing rooms. The entire roof level, used for the sauna facilities and their spectacular outdoor pool, features a view of the entire city. A layer of ceramic louvers surrounds the "Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus", screening it from passersby.

Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceBetween these two introverted layers the swimming level is entirely glazed and opens on the trees of the gardens and the city. This transparency underlines the idea of the swimming platform as an integrated raised continuation of the Kurgarten, with unforgettable views of the town, the impressive fortress and the mountain peaks in the background.

Architect Tiina Parkkinen: “In our projects, references to the built environment, natural surroundings and the social context are extremely important.”
Panoramic View and Surrounding Countryside
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceWide central stairs lead in a continuous movement from the main entrance in the west through the three plinths floors to the swimming level’s. The daylight shining through guarantees consistent natural lighting. The swimming level features four different pools, from a sports pool to a diving pool, a kiddie pool and the relaxation pool. A continuous band of large, storey-height glass elements forms the boundary to the outside bringing the urban surroundings’ beauty deep into the space.

Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceThe materialization of the waterscape is provided by ceramic surfaces, water and light, bordered from above by the gentle shapes of the wavy ceramic ceiling. The animated ceiling with its different heights underscores the variety to be found in the spatial and atmospheric context.
The Sauna Facilities “Naked Above the City”
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceThe gastronomic and sauna facilities are located at the top of the building. Three saunas face the city with panoramic views, while the central and largest sauna is both, sauna and lounge, focusing on the Pfarrkirche Mülln (Mülln Parish Church). A relaxation zone provides an unobstructed view of the hilly landscape to the North and Maria Plain. In the outdoor pool, guests have the sense of bathing above the city’s rooftops, its highest point.
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceAs Architect Alfred Berger states: “Through the visual integration of the city’s treasures the project offers a unique combination of physical relaxation and cultural inspiration."
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Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealice
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ECO-SUSTAINABILITY
 
Certifications
Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealiceAs a reflection of this standard, project planning aimed for a highly efficient building from the very beginning. A comprehensive sustainability analysis was performed, the first time ever for an indoor pool in Austria. The goal, achieving the highest level of certification, Klimaaktiv GOLD, was met. The Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism’s Klimaaktiv building standard stands for energy efficiency, ecological quality, comfort and high-quality assurance for realization. Finished objects that have been awarded gold are—in line with the city of Salzburg’s Smart City strategy—pioneers for climate protection and a comprehensive transition to renewable energy.
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Austria [Österreich]
State
Salzburg
Town
Salzburg
Address
Auerspergstraße 2
 
 
Telephone
+43662.883544
Website
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MAP
 
 
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TYPOLOGY
 
Main
ARCHITECTURE
Buildings for health and well-being
Spa buildings
Wellness centre
Sports buildings
Gyms and swimming pools
Additional
ARCHITECTURE
Commercial buildings
Bars, cafeterias
Restaurants
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2012 - 2014     project winner of competition
Realisation
2017 - 2019
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
Isabella Marboe, "Berger + Parkkinen. Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität, Instituts- & Laborgebäude, Salzburg", Architektur Aktuell 4/2014, april 2014 [Plain & Pure], "Projects" pp. 106-114
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CLIENT
 
 
Stadtgemeinde Salzburg
KKTB Kongress
Kurhaus &Tourismusbetriebe Salzburg
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
site sq.m. 5,072
building sq.m. 2,120
footprint sq.m. 11,817
pools sq.m. 660
Volume
m³ 62,500
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STRUCTURES
 
 
BauCon
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LANDSCAPE DESIGN
 
 
idealice
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STAFF
 
Project
Berger+Parkkinen Architekten
Design architects
Alfred Berger, Tiina Parkkinen
Project leader
Lucas Schuh, Miklos Deri
Design team
Mascha Lenia, Trebotic Frane Matthias, Najvarova Lucie, Ganea Serban, Hofer Susanne, Coreth Leonhard, Fischbeck Sebastian, Gecys Jurgis, Gulinska Anna, Ambrus Adam, Berger Lola, Casanóva Alejandro, Centi Matteo, Florian Fanni Aliz, Kozin Jure, Magiera Joanna, Rehorova Martina, Rehortova Veronika, Rückerl Lukas, Strohbach Susanne, Vjesticova Marijana
Landscape design
idealice [Wien]
Structural consultant
BauCon [Zell am See]
Electrical engineer
Technisches Büro Herbst [Salzburg]
Physical engineering
Ingenieurbüro Rothbacher [Zell am See]
Facades consultant
MDE metal design engineering [Vöcklabruck]
Pool Engineering
sv.pf engineering [Leoben]
Climate control (HVAC)
IBO [Wien]
Graphics and signage
büro uebele visuelle kommunikation [Stuttgart]
Fire safety
IBS-Technisches Büro [Linz]
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos © Christian Richters │ Berger+Parkkinen Associated Architects
Drawings © Berger+Parkkinen Associated Architects
Text edited by Berger+Parkkinen Associated Architects
Courtesy of Berger+Parkkinen Associated Architects | a b c Ana Berlin + Crew

Paracelsus Bad & Kurhaus, Berger+Parkkinen, Salzburg, Austria, BauCon, idealice



If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos [8 images] and drawings [10 images], enter here
 
 
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