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  COME VEDERE L'ARCHITETTURA CONTEMPORANEA HOW TO SEE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
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BUILDING
 
 
Dom Revolucije [Adaptation and reconstruction]
Home of Revolution [Adaptation and reconstruction]
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DESIGNER
 
 
Sadar + Vuga | HHF
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CONTEXT
 
Sadar + Vuga, HHF Architects, Dom Revolucije, Home of Revolution, Arhicon, Nikšić, Montenegro
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DESCRIPTION
 
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Sadar + Vuga, HHF Architects, Dom Revolucije, Home of Revolution, Arhicon, Nikšić, MontenegroOn the 30th anniversary for the liberation of Nikšić, the Municipal Assembly voted to build a memorial to the fallen fighters for freedom and the socialist revolution; Dom revolucije (the Home of Revolution). The project was intended to be an architectural hybrid that would represent the socio-political structure of Nikšić. Marko Mušič, a Slovenian architect, was chosen to design the project. Construction started on the 18th of September, 1978, and after eleven years of construction works were suspended. After sitting 27 as an uncompleted shell in the middle of the urban fabric in Nikšić, the ‘Competition for the Adaptation and Reconstruction for the Home of Revolution’ is an opportunity for transformation of the existing building and Nikšić itself.

Sadar + Vuga, HHF Architects, Dom Revolucije, Home of Revolution, Arhicon, Nikšić, MontenegroIt was decided that the main intervention should be one that would serve the city and its residents, a social activator that would represent today’s changing conditions. Through analysis and local consultation it was determined that trying to complete the existing megastructure would not work as such a project would be suited to a city more than ten times Nikšić’s size. Therefore a strategy was developed which could take the existing built structure as a starting point, and with minimal interventions and insertions a new type of urban space could be developed. With the introduction of a large underground parking, Dom becomes an urban infrastructure making it a gateway into the city. It allows the old city to become pedestrian friendly, and frees the urban surfaces for cafe seating, pedestrian exploration and playground for children. The visitors who arrive by automobile are free to enter Dom and explore the social spaces to the north, or to exit to the south and explore the city beyond.

By treating the existing structure as an urbanscape rather than a building, SADAR+VUGA and HHF developed a 10/20/70 strategy. The 10% refers to spaces that would be acclimatized and have year- round defined functions. This is manifested in the form of three plugins which could be inserted inside the existing covered urbanscape. These inserted objects contain a cafe, coworking office and gallery spaces, and educational workshops. The language for these plugins is pragmatic and their volumetrics respond to the adjacent architectural forms. The 20% refers to the promenade which transects the building north to south and east to west. The promenades connect the exterior landscape (Dom Park), the interior plugins, and the access to the underground parking infrastructure. The adjacent spaces along the promenade would be renovated and made safe, but the functions are left undefined and flexible, changing according to the seasons and the users themselves. The 70% are those spaces which are safe and secured, but not renovated. These spaces would not be used on a daily basis, but could be made available for use on special occasions.

Sadar + Vuga, HHF Architects, Dom Revolucije, Home of Revolution, Arhicon, Nikšić, MontenegroThe advantage of this approach is that it is flexible, affordable, and sustainable. This strategy has the ability to address the current socio-political environment of Nikšić, without discrediting the existing architecture and without being ignorant to its past. The new strategy is one that embraces the qualities of the existing architecture where it is pragmatic, covers it where it is dangerous, and intervenes where it is needed. It is an architecture of reuseism.
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Sadar + Vuga, HHF Architects, Dom Revolucije, Home of Revolution, Arhicon, Nikšić, Montenegro
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MATERIALS
 
reinforced concrete, steel, glass, wood

Structure: reinforced concrete, steel trusses, extensive glazing
Cladding: prefabricated insulating panels, glazing, wood structure

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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Montenegro [Crna Gora]
Municipality
Nikšić
Town
Nikšić
Address
Radoja Dakića, Skadarska, Dr. Nika Miljanića, Niegoševa
 
 
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MAP
 
 
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TYPOLOGY
 
ARCHITECTURE
Buildings for cultural activities
Conference halls
Cultural centres and community centres
Education buildings
Training centres and schools
Commercial buildings
Bars, cafeterias
Buildings for recreational activities
Theatres
Arenas and structures for concerts and shows
Operations on existing buildings
Renovation, rehabilitation and restructuring
Completion, rebuilding
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2015 - 2016     project winner of competition
Realisation
2016 - 2018
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CLIENT
 
 
Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism Montenegro
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
sq.m. 21,738
Floors
4
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STAFF
 
Architect of record
Arhicon
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ANNOTATIONS
 
 


Other dossier on Dom Revolucije
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CREDITS
 
 
Drawings © Sadar + Vuga
Text edited by Sadar + Vuga
Courtesy of Sadar + Vuga

Sadar + Vuga, HHF Architects, Dom Revolucije, Home of Revolution, Arhicon, Nikšić, Montenegro


If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos [5 images] and drawings [12 images], enter here
 
 
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