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OPERA
 
 
Cité de l'Océan et du Surf
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PROGETTISTA
 
 
Steven Holl

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DESCRIZIONE
 
The Steven Holl Biarritz Cité de l’Océan et du Surf is a museum that explores both surf and sea and their role upon our leisure, science and ecology. The design by Steven Holl Architects in collaboration with Solange Fabiao is the winning scheme from an international competition that included the offices of Enric Miralles/Benedetta Tagliabue, Brochet Lajus Pueyo, Bernard Tschumi and Jean-Michel Wilmotte.

The building form derives from the spatial concept “under the sky”/“under the sea”. A concave “under the sky” shape forms the character of the main exterior space, the “Place de l’Océan.” The convex structural ceiling forms the “under the sea” exhibition spaces. The building’s spatial qualities are experienced already at the entrance where the lobby and ramps give a broad aerial view of the exhibition areas, as they pass along the dynamic curved surface that is animated by moving image and light.

Steven Holl Biarritz Cité de l’Océan et du SurfThe precise integration of concept and topography gives the building a unique profile. Towards the ocean, the concave form of the building plaza is extended through the landscape. With slightly cupped edges, the landscape, a mix of field and local vegetation, is a continuation of the building and will host festivals and daily events that are integrated with the museum facilities.

Two “glass boulders”, which contain the restaurant and the surfer’s kiosk, activate the central outdoor plaza and connect analogically to the two great boulders on the beach in the distance. The glass boulders can be reached through the main entry lobby, which connects the street level to the cafeteria and surfer’s kiosk, and but are also accessible independently through the plaza, which serves as a main gathering space open to the public.

Steven Holl Biarritz Cité de l’Océan et du SurfThe museum store is located at the intermediate level of the exhibition spaces, with direct access to the entry lobby and the auditorium. The more intimate restaurant and the elevated outdoor terrace are at the top level of the museum, providing open ocean views.

At the building’s southwest corner, there is a skate pool dedicated to the surfers’ hangout on the plaza level and an open porch underneath, which connects to the auditorium and exhibition spaces inside the museum. This covered area provides a sheltered space for outdoor interaction, meetings and events.

The exterior of the building is a textured white concrete made of aggregates from the south of France. Materials of the plaza are a progressive variation of Portuguese cobblestones paving with grass and natural vegetation. A combination of insulated glass units with clear and acid-etched layers animates the visual dynamics enhancing interior comfort. The interior of the main space is white plaster and a wooden floor provides under-floor wiring flexibilities.
Steven Holl Biarritz Cité de l'Océan et du Surf
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MATERIALI
 
cemento armato

concrete structure, white concrete facades, steel mullion curtain wall, stone, wood, terrazzo, steel guardrails, acoustical plaster

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LOCALIZZAZIONE
 
Continente
Europa
Nazione
Francia [France]
Regione
Nuova Aquitania [Nouvelle-Aquitaine]
Dipartimento
Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Città
Biarritz
Indirizzo
Avenue de la Plage (Ilbarritz/plage de Marbella)
 
 
Sito web
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MAPPA
 
 
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TIPOLOGIA
 
Principale
ARCHITETTURA
Musei ed edifici per esposizioni
Musei marittimi
Edifici per attività ricreative
Auditorium e centri per la musica

URBANISTICA E PROGETTAZIONE URBANA
Progettazione urbana e rinnovo urbano
Piazze e spazi aperti
Accessoria
ARCHITETTURA
Edifici per uffici e studi professionali
Uffici
Edifici commerciali
Bar, caffetterie
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CRONOLOGIA
 
Progetto
2005 - 2008     progetto vincitore di concorso
Realizzazione
2009 - 2011
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PREMI
 
2011
Emirates Glass LEAF Awards
Public Building of the Year

About the museum, the jury stated, “It is designed as a set of simple, low, geometric enclosures, for a permanent collection and exhibition areas with a rolling plaza. These evoke the mystery of the sea and by night glow like fragments. The project achieves a good, seamless connection with its coastal landscape. This is a poetic gestural design sitting between land and sea, and bringing together the best of both.”
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RIFERIMENTI BIBLIOGRAFICI
 
 
"Cité de l'Océan et du Surf, Biarritz, France", L'Arca 278, marzo/march 2012 [Acqua / Water], pp. 56-61
Claudia Fuchs, "Gebaute Wellenlandschaft / Cité de l’Océan et du Surf in Biarritz", Detail 12/2011, dezember/december 2011 [Architektur und Landschaft / Architecture and Landscape], "Berichte / reports" p. 1380
Catherine Slessor, "Ocean Boulevard", Architectural Review 1376, october 2011, pp. 54-61
"Cite de l'Ocean et du Surf, Biarritz, France", GA Document 118, september 2011, pp. 8-25
Maryse Quinton, "Cite de l'Ocean et du Surf, Biarritz / City of the Ocean and Surf, Biarritz", D'A. D'Architectures 202, septembre/september 2011, pp. 56-61
Kieran Long, "Cité de l'Océan et du Surf", Architect 9/2011, september 2011, "Design" pp. 210-220
Chiara Molinar, "A Biarritz Steven Holl cavalca l’onda", Il Giornale dell'Architettura 97, settembre 2011
"Holl's Surf Museum opens in France", Architectural Record 8/2011, august 2011, p. 24
"Cite de l'Ocean et du Surf, Biarritz / City of the Ocean and Surf, Biarritz", L'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui 384, juillet-août/july-august 2011, pp. 20-21
Jean-Pierre Menard, "Chantier: une voute inversee/On site: an inverse vault", AMC. Le Moniteur Architecture 195, mars/march 2010, pp. 49-50
"Cité de l’Océan et du Surf. Biarritz, France, 2005-2009", GA Document 110, december 2009 [Steven Holl], pp. 102-107
"Cité du Surf et de l’Océan. Biarritz, France, 2005", GA Document 97, june 2007 [International 2007], pp. 58-65
Sophie Roulet, "Steven Holl surfe a Biarritz/Steven Holl surfs in Biarritz", Architecture Intérieure. Créé 325, avril-mai/april-may 2006, p. 10
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COMMITTENTE
 
 
SNC Biarritz Ocean
Ville de Biarritz
Adim Sud Ouest
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IMPORTO
 
 
€ 11.000.000
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DATI
DIMENSIONALI
 
Superficie
costruita mq. 4.725
lotto mq. 35.000
landscape mq. 32.500
utile mq. 3.800
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STRUTTURISTA
 
 
Betec & Vinci Construction Marseille
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STAFF
 
Progetto
Steven Holl Architects
Coprogettisti
Agence d'Architecture X.Leibar JM Seigneurin
Progettisti
Solange Fabião, Steven Holl
Responsabile del progetto
Rodolfo Dias
Assistenti
Filipe Taboada
Consulenza
Chris McVoy
Gruppo di progettazione
Francesco Bartolozzi, Christopher Brokaw, Cosimo Caggiula, Florence Guiraud, Richard Liu, Ernest Ng, Alessandro Orsini, Nelson Wilmotte, Ebbie Wisecarver, Lan Wu, Christina Yessios

Rüssli Architekten
Justin Rüssli, Mimi Kueh, Stephan Bieri, Björn Zepnik
Acustica
AVEL Acoustique
Impianti
Elithis
Appaltatore
Faura Silva, GTM Sud-Ouest Batiment
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos © Iwan Baan, Garcia Laurent
Drawings © Steven Holl Architects
Watercolors by Steven Holl
Text edited by Steven Holl Architects
Courtesy of Steven Holl Architects, Cité de l'Océan et du Surf

Steven Holl Biarritz Cité de l'Océan et du Surf



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