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  COME VEDERE L'ARCHITETTURA CONTEMPORANEA HOW TO SEE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
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OPERA
 
 
Geodesic Dome - Montreal Biosphère
Cupola geodetica per il Padiglione Americano - Biosfera
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PROGETTISTA
 
 
Buckminster Fuller

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CONTESTO
 
Valenza dell'edificio nel territorio e nella città
Geodesic Dome, Montreal Biosphère, Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Ile de Notre-Dame, Expo 67, Éric Gauthier
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DESCRIZIONE
 
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Geodesic Dome, Montreal Biosphère, Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Ile de Notre-Dame, Expo 67, Éric GauthierLocated on the western tip of Île Sainte-Hélène, alongside the USSR pavilion but separated by the Le Moyne canal, the United States of America pavilion is undoubtedly one of the most memorable of Expo 67. Even if it initially sparked controversy as some people felt it was too daring, architect Richard Buckminster Fuller's geodesic dome quickly became one of the most prominent symbols of Expo 67. Given to the City of Montreal by President Lyndon B. Johnson, it would later house the Biosphère, an ecowatch centre.

Geodesic Dome, Montreal Biosphère, Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Ile de Notre-Dame, Expo 67, Éric GauthierThe structure glows in the sunlight due to its acrylic skin and is lit up at night. There is minirail access to this architectural masterpiece standing 80 metres wide (250 feet) and 20 stories high, which makes the experience that much more exciting.

Numerous exhibitions are presented inside the pavilion. American cinema and many aspects of the entertainment world have a prominent place. There are also areas devoted to the fine arts, represented in particular by works from the Pop Art and Op Art movements. As well, the story of the arrival and the life of the first European settlers on American soil is told. Visitors can also learn more about astronauts' achievements, projects and tools. These exhibitions truly illustrate Creative America, the pavilion's theme.
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Geodesic Dome, Montreal Biosphère, Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Ile de Notre-Dame, Expo 67, Éric Gauthier
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MATERIALI
 
plexiglas, acciaio

 

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LOCALIZZAZIONE
 
Continente
America del Nord
Nazione
Canada
Provincia
Québec
Regione
Montreal
Città
Montreal
Quartiere
Île Sainte-Hélène / Saint Helen's Island
Indirizzo
160 Chemin Tour de l'Isle
 
 
Telefono
+1.514.283.5000
Sito web
E-mail
info.biosphere@ec.gc.ca
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MAPPA
 
 
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TIPOLOGIA
 
ARCHITETTURA
Musei ed edifici per esposizioni
Musei delle scienze
Edifici commerciali
Edifici e padiglioni fieristici
Altre strutture architettoniche
Coperture, involucri
Cupole
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CRONOLOGIA
 
Realizzazione
1967
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L'OPERA NEL CINEMA
 
Titolo
  Quintet
Regia
Robert Altman
Nazionalità
USA
Anno di produzione
1979
Interpreti
Paul Newman, Vittorio Gassman, Fernando Rey, Bibi Andersson, Brigitte Fossey, Nina Van Pallandt
Ruolo dell'edificio
Marginale
Titolo
  The Disappearance [Unico indizio un anello di fumo]
Regia
Stuart Cooper
Nazionalità
Gran Bretagna, Canada
Anno di produzione
1977
Interpreti
Donald Sutherland, Francine Racette, David Hemmings, John Hurt, David Warner, Peter Bowles, Virginia McKenna, Christopher Plummer
Ruolo dell'edificio
Marginale
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RIFERIMENTI BIBLIOGRAFICI
 
 
Abby Bussel, "New life for Buckminster Fuller dome", Architectural Record 4/1996, april 1996, p. 11
Bronwen Ledger, "The Biosphere reborn", Canadian Architect 9/1994, september 1994, pp. 25-28
"New use for biosphere", Progressive architecture 11/1993, november 1993, p. 27
Lotus international 78, ottobre/october 1993, [Applicazioni tecniche / Technical Applications], p. 71 (66-79)
"United States Pavilion, Expo 67, Montreal", GA document 3, winter 1981, pp. 114-119
Carlo Testa, "La nuova industrializzazione e le nuove energie / Buildings transformed into energy producers", Domus 577, dicembre/december 1977, p. 26 (25-30)
Bruno Zevi, Spazî dell'architettura moderna, Einaudi, Torino 1973, tav. 656 [XII. La terza età: itinerarî degli anni cinquanta-ottanta]
Abraham Rogatnick, "Expo 67, The Past Recupered", Lotus 5, gennaio/january 1969, pp. 28-31 (12-33)
Reyner Banham, "L'uomo all'Expo", Casabella 320, dicembre 1967, pp. 48-51
"The United States pavilion at Expo '67, Montreal", JA. The Japan Architect, august 1967, pp. 38-46
Domus 446, gennaio/january 1967, pp. 10, 14-15 (10-20)
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MOSTRE
 
 
Explosion 67: Youth and Their World, Montreal, Centre d’histoire de Montréal, 16 june / 2 september 2017
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DATI
DIMENSIONALI
 
Diametro
ml. 76,2 (250 piedi)
Altezza
ml. 60,96 (200 piedi)
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ANNOTAZIONI
 
 
Geodesic Dome, Montreal Biosphère, Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Ile de Notre-Dame, Expo 67, Éric GauthierIn 1976 a fire destroyed the transparent acrylic bubble, but the steel structure remained.

In 1990 the Environment and Climate Change Canada financed the reconstruction, with a building designed by Éric Gauthier, inside the original steel skeleton.

The new Biosphère was inaugurated in 1995 and in 2007 it changed his name to become an environment museum.
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos: Library and Archives Canada, Olga Arjante, Hervé Lucas
Courtesy of Library and Archives Canada

Geodesic Dome, Montreal Biosphère, Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Ile de Notre-Dame, Expo 67, Éric Gauthier



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