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  COME VEDERE L'ARCHITETTURA CONTEMPORANEA HOW TO SEE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
COME VEDERE L'ARCHITETTURA CONTEMPORANEA HOW TO SEE CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
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BUILDING
 
 
M/S Museet for Søfart [Maritime Museum of Denmark]
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DESIGNER
 
 
BIG
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DESCRIPTION
 
BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of DenmarkThe new Danish National Maritime Museum is located in Helsingør, just 50 km (30 mi.) north of Copenhagen and 10 km (6.5 mi.) from the world famous Louisiana Museum for Modern Art. The new 6,000 m2 (65,000 ft2) museum finds itself in a unique historical context adjacent to one of Denmark’s most important buildings, Kronborg Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage site - known from Shakespeare’s Hamlet. It is the last addition to Kulturhavn Kronborg, a joint effort involving the renovation of the Castle and two new buildings – offering a variety of culture experiences to residents and visitors to Helsingør. Leaving the 60 year old dock walls untouched, the galleries are placed below ground and arranged in a continuous loop around the dry dock walls - making the dock the centerpiece of the exhibition - an open, outdoor area where visitors experience the scale of ship building.

BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of DenmarkA series of three double-level bridges span the dry dock, serving both as an urban connection, as well as providing visitors with short-cuts to different sections of the museum. The harbor bridge closes off the dock while serving as harbor promenade; the museum’s auditorium serves as a bridge connecting the adjacent Culture Yard with the Kronborg Castle; and the sloping zig-zag bridge navigates visitors to the main entrance. This bridge unites the old and new as the visitors descend into the museum space overlooking the majestic surroundings above and below ground. The long and noble history of the Danish Maritime unfolds in a continuous motion within and around the dock, 7 meters (23 ft.) below the ground. All floors - connecting exhibition spaces with the auditorium, classroom, offices, café and the dock floor within the museum - slope gently creating exciting and sculptural spaces.
Bjarke Ingels
BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of Denmark“By wrapping the old dock with the museum program we simultaneously preserve the heritage structure while transforming it to a courtyard bringing daylight and air in to the heart of the submerged museum. Turning the dock inside out resolved a big dilemma: Out of respect for Hamlet’s Castle we needed to remain completely invisible and underground – but to be able to attract visitors we needed a strong public presence. Leaving the dock as an urban abyss provides the museum with an interior façade facing the void and at the same time offers the citizens of Helsingør a new public space sunken 8 m (16 ft.) below the level of the sea.”
BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of Denmark KiBiSiKiBiSi has designed the above ground bench system. The granite elements are inspired by ship bollards and designed as a constructive barrier that prevents cars from driving over the edge. The system is a soft shaped bench for social hangout and based on Morse code - dots and dashes writing a hidden message for visitors to crack.

BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of DenmarkThe exhibition was designed by the Dutch exhibition design office Kossmann.dejong. The metaphor that underpins the multimedia exhibition is that of a journey, which starts with an imagining of the universal yearning to discover far away shores and experience adventures at sea. Denmark’s maritime history, up to the current role of the shipping industry globally, is told via a topical approach, including notions such as harbor, navigation, war and trade. The exhibition has been made accessible for a broad audience through the intertwining of many different perspectives on the shipping industry.
David Zahle, Partner-in-Charge
BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of Denmark”For 5 years we have been working on transforming the old concrete dock into a modern museum, which required an archaeologist care and spacecraft designer's technical skills. The old lady is both fragile and tough; the new bridges are light and elegant. Building a museum below sea level has taken construction techniques never used in Denmark before. The old concrete dock with its 1.5 m thick walls and 2.5 m thick floor has been cut open and reassembled as a modern and precise museum facility. The steel bridges were produced in giant sections on a Chinese steel wharf and transported to Denmark on the biggest ship that has ever docked in Helsingør. The steel sections weigh up to 100 tons a piece and are lifted on site by the two largest mobile cranes in northern Europe. I am truly proud of the work our team has carried out on this project and of the final result."
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Denmark [Danmark]
Region
Hovedstaden
Municipality
Helsingør
Town
Helsingør
Address
Ny Kronborgvej 1
 
 
Telephone
+45.49.21.06.85
Website
E-mail
info@mfs.dk
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MAP
 
 
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TYPOLOGY
 
ARCHITECTURE
Museums and buildings for exhibitions
Maritime museums
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2007     project winner of limited competiton
Realisation
2008 - 2013
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AWARDS
 
2014
AL Light & Architecture Design Awards

Jury Comments
The lighting respects the view of the castle.
There’s a wonderful contrast between the color temperatures of the daylighting and electric lighting.
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
Lars Nevald, "Klagesag om konkurence i Helsingør / Protests over the competition in Helsingor", Arkitekten 9/2008, pp. 8-9
"Nyt Sofarstmuseum / New trade & shipping museum. Helsingøor Havn", Arkitekten 12/2007, pp. 22-23
"Museo sommerso / Submerged museum", Domus 908, novembre/november 2007, "Streams" p. 3
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CLIENT
 
 
Maritime Museum Build
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
sq.m. 6,000
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STRUCTURES
 
 
Rambøll
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STAFF
 
Project
BIG Bjarke Ingels Group
Principal-in-charge
Bjarke Ingels, David Zahle
Project leader
David Zahle
Architect of record
Jeppe Ecklon
Design team
Alina Tamosiunaite, Alysen Hiller, Ana Merino, Andy Yu , Annette Jensen, Ariel Joy Norback Wallner, Christian Alvarez, Claudio Moretti, Dennis Rasmussen, Felicia Guldberg, Gül Ertekin, Henrik Kania, Jan Magasanik, Johan Cool, John Pries Jensen, Jonas Pattern, Karsten Hammer Hansen, Kirstine Ragnhild, Malte Chloe, Marc Jay, Maria Mavriku, Masatoshi Oka, Oana Simionescu, Pablo Labra, Peter Rieff, Qianyi Lim, Rasmus Pedersen, Rasmus Rodam, Rune Hansen, Sara Sosio, Sebastian Latz, Tina Lund Højgaard, Tina Troster, Todd Bennet, Xi Chen, Xing Xiong, Xu Li
Property management
Alectia
Exhibition design
Kossmann.dejong
Systems
Rambøll
Fire safety
Freddy Madsen Ingeniører
Consultant
KiBiSi (product design)
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos © Luca Santiago Mora, Rasmus Hjortshoj, Thijs Wolzak, Ole Thomsen
Drawings © BIG Bjarke Ingels Group
Text edited by BIG Bjarke Ingels Group
Courtesy of BIG Bjarke Ingels Group

BIG Bjarke Ingels Group Maritime Museum of Denmark



If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos [48 images] and drawings [5 images], enter here
 
 
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