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BUILDING
 
 
Ulmer Synagoge
Ulm Synagogue
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DESIGNER
 
 
KSG Kister Scheithauer Gross
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DESCRIPTION
 
Ulm Synagogue KSG Kister Scheithauer GrossIn 2009, the Israelite Religious Community in Württemberg (IRGW) decided to build a new synagogue for its orthodox community in Ulm and, together with the city of Ulm, initiated a competition. The city placed the building site in the middle of the Weinhof, just a stone’s throw from the former synagogue, which was destroyed during Kristallnacht.
“The team from Cologne succeeded in enriching this highly sensitive location in the city of Ulm, without detracting from its unique character,” said the city’s head of construction, Alexander Wetzig, following the jury’s decision in January 2010.
In the completed build, the cuboid is lower and shorter than initially planned during the competition. It is now 24 meters wide, 16 deep and at 17 meters high, much lower than the nearby Schwörhaus.
Ulm Synagogue KSG Kister Scheithauer Gross“The synagogue and the Jewish community centre are included in one single structure. The compact cuboid is free standing in the square. This position is historical: in the Kristallnacht in 1938, the former synagogue, which was enclosed in a road side development, was destroyed. After World War II, a secular building was constructed in the space. The synagogue and the Jewish community lost its ancestral place in the centre of Ulm. The construction of the current synagogue has opened a new site, in the middle of the square. It is as though the synagogue has taken a step forward from its former position, it has reclaimed its location. With no constructed borders, it stands abrupt and solitary on the Weinhof,” explains Prof. Susanne Gross regarding the urban building concept.
All the spaces of the community centre and the synagogue are joined in the smooth structure: foyer, synagogue, Mikvah (ritual bath), meeting hall, school and administrative rooms as well as the child day care centre with an enclosed outdoor playing area, which is directly above the sacral room.
The rooms are arranged orthogonally. Only the synagogue follows the line of the only, free-standing support in the building, in a diagonal direction. The direction facing south-east has an overlying religious meaning behind it: its geographical direction is directly towards Jerusalem, the spiritual and religious centre of Judaism.
The diagonal room layout creates a corner window in the sacral room, which plays with a pattern of the Star of David as a space framework. With 600 openings, the synagogue is illuminated from many points, with the focal point being the liturgical centrepiece; the Torah shrine. The perforations in the façade created with a high-pressure water jet, illuminate the shrine inside and project the idea of the synagogue outwards.
The interior fittings of the synagogue are partially based on ksg plans, such as the dodecagon holder, a symbol for the twelve lines of the people of Israel. Rabbi Shneur Trebnik, together with the IRGW representatives, selected the seating and ordered the construction of the Torah shrine, including the bimah, a raised platform with a lectern, from which the Torah is dictated. All three elements were constructed in Israel.
The prayer room offers space for 125 people, including 40 spaces in the women’s gallery.
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Germany [Deutschland]
Land
Baden-Württemberg
District
Tübingen
Town
Ulm an der Donau
Address
Weinhof, Weinhofberg
 
 
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MAP
 
 
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TYPOLOGY
 
Main
ARCHITECTURE
Religious buildings
Churches and places of worship
Additional
ARCHITECTURE
Buildings for cultural activities
Conference halls
Education buildings
Schools
Buildings for offices and professional practises
Offices
Religious buildings
Parochial centres
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2009 - 2010     project winner of competition
Realisation
2011 - 2012
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
Ursula Baus, "Jewish community centre, Ulm. Kister Scheithauer Gross", A10 new European architecture 40, july-august 2011, p. 17
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CLIENT
 
 
Israelite Religious Community of Württemberg statutory corporation
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AMOUNT
 
 
€ 4,600,000
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
floor space sq.m. 1,980
Widht
m. 24
Lenght
m. 16
Height
m. 17
Capacity
Prayer room 125 people
Women's gallery 40 spaces
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STRUCTURES
 
 
Dr.-Ing. W.Naumann & Partner, Köln
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STAFF
 
Project architect
Susanne Gross
Gestione del progetto
Grzegorz Rybacki
Art direction
Grzegorz Rybacki
Design team
Fritz Keuten, Matthes Langhinrichs, Stefan Schwarz, Paul Youk
Consultant
ZWP AG, Köln (Thermo gravimetric analysis)
Acoustical consultant
ISRW Dr.-Ing. Klapdor GmbH, Düsseldorf
Physical engineering
Ing.-Büro für Bauphysik Heinrichs, Köln
Construction management
nps Bauprojektmanagement GmbH, Ulm
Property management
Alexander Wetzig
Fire safety
BFT Cognos, Aachen
General contractor
Matthäus Schmid Bauunternehmen GmbH & Co. KG, Baltringen
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos © Christian Richters
Drawings © KSG kister scheithauer gross architects and urban planners
Text edit by KSG kister scheithauer gross architects and urban planners
Courtesy by KSG kister scheithauer gross architects and urban

Ulm Synagogue KSG Kister Scheithauer Gross



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