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BUILDING
 
 
MahaNakhon Tower
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DESIGNER
 
 
OMA Office for Metropolitan Architecture
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DESCRIPTION
 
OMA Ole Scheeren MahaNakhon Tower Bangkok MahaNakhon - a visionary new 77-storey high-rise complex located on a 3.6 acre site in the heart of Bangkok’s Central Business District with a direct link to the Chongnonsi BTS Skytrain station between Silom and Sathorn Roads. MahaNakhon will be the most ambitious complex of contemporary architecture and urbanism in Thailand and the tallest building in Bangkok.

The development, more than 150,000 square meters, will be comprised of: MahaNakhon Square, a dramatic outdoor landscaped public plaza; MahaNakhon Terraces, a 10,000 square meter upscale retail centre with lush gardens and terraces spread over multiple levels for restaurants, cafes, and a 24 hour marketplace; The Ritz-Carlton Residences, Bangkok with 200 extraordinary apartments, each offering the atmosphetre of a skybox penthouse, managed by the The Ritz-Carlton with five-star amenities for all residents; The Bangkok Edition, a signature boutique hotel with 150 hotel rooms, a collaboration between Marriott International and renowned hotelier Ian Schrager; and a multi-level roof-top Sky Bar and restaurant.

OMA Ole Scheeren MahaNakhon Tower BangkokWith its distinctive sculptural appearance, MahaNakhon has been carefully carved to introduce a three-dimensional ribbon of architectural ‘pixels’ that circle the tower’s full height, as if excavating portions of the elegant glass curtain wall to reveal the inner life of the building. This creates an indelibly arresting profile for MahaNakhon on the skyline while generating a set of very special features - projecting glass skyboxes with sweeping views and generous indoor/outdoor spaces with plunge pools and oversized terraces – uncommon to high-rise living in global capitals but well-suited to the tropical climate of Bangkok. The ‘pixels’ have been designed to maximize unobstructed panoramas for the residences, offering rare bird’s eye views of the city and the Chaophraya River. At the same time, residences located in the non-pixilated area of the tower enjoy a parallel innovation never before seen in a skyscraper: single-level and duplex units offer grandly scaled double height living spaces equipped with multiple bays of full-height operable bi-fold balcony windows – sections of curtain wall that literally fold inwards to open up homes to fresh breezes and cityscapes, allowing living areas to become indoor/outdoor environments.

The design of MahaNakhon dismantles the typical tower and podium typology, creating not a tower in isolation but instead a skyscraper that melds with the city in both literal and cultural ways by gradually ‘dissolving’ the architecture as it flows downward to meet the ground and upward into the sky. This is achieved through a series of generous cascading indoor/outdoor terraces at The Hill – the area of tower’s base housing the luxury retail and entertainment center – where the architecture is articulated to evoke the shifting protrusions of a mountain landscape. The Hill Terraces fit keenly into lush cultivated gardens that give way to the city’s own green swaths.

OMA Ole Scheeren MahaNakhon Tower BangkokMahaNakhon also features an adjacent freestanding 7-storey building known as the Cube, with multi-level indoor/outdoor terraces corresponding to those of the Hill Terraces across the expanse of an outdoor atrium. The outdoor atrium forms a natural valley, offering a network of social spaces with an extensive and carefully selected mix of dining and leisure facilities that serve the general public via a direct above-ground pedestrian link to the main CBD Skytrain station and plaza-level access, The Ritz-Carlton Residences in the main tower of MahaNakhon, as well as guests of The Bangkok Edition Hotel.

MahaNakhon Square
, located in front of the tower, is also intimately connected to the space between The Hill and Cube. This dynamic public plaza – intended as a meeting place, a spot for planned and spontaneous cultural events - will be a landscaped retreat for the city’s inhabitants, a gathering place, a rare venue for cultural and social interactivity, with direct connection to the Chongnonsi Skytrain station and future rapid bus transit system: in sum, an urban oasis that provides refuge from the intense daily clamor of greater Bangkok while offering constant easy access for reconnection to it.

The top of the tower houses a multi-level three-floor Sky Bar and restaurant with dramatic double- height spaces, private dining facilities for entertaining, and a rooftop outdoor bar with sweeping 360° views of the skyline and river, floating 310 meters above the city.

Edited by OMA Office for Metropolitan Architecture
If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Asia
Nation
Thailand [Muang T'hai]
Region
Krung Thep
Town
Bangkok
Address
Silom Road, Sathorn Roads (Chongnonsi BTS Skytrain station, Central Business District)
 
 
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MAP
 
 

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TYPOLOGY
 
Main
ARCHITECTURE
Residential buildings
Multiple dwelling
Buildings for offices and professional practises
Offices
Buildings for travel and tourism
Hotels
Rooming-houses
Vertical architectures
Skyscrapers
Additional
ARCHITECTURE
Commercial buildings
Markets
Bars, cafeterias
Transport buildings and structures
Garages, car parking, etc.
Urban equipment and structures for public areas
Streets and squares
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2009    
Realisation
2009 - 2016
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CLIENT
 
 
PACE Development Co., Ltd.
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AMOUNT
 
 
THB 18.000.000.000 (USD 515.000.000)
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
Program
total sq.m. 150,000

Tower
residences sq.m. 67,000
residential amenities sq.m. 4,400
hotel sq.m. 16,600
hotel amenities sq.m. 11,600
retail sq.m. 5,900
sky bar sq.m. 3,500
MEP sq.m. 5,200
parking sq.m. 10,400

Retail Cube

retail sq.m. 9,000
MEP sq.m. 1,000
parking sq.m. 5,400

Offsite Parking

parking sq.m. 8,300
back-of-house (hotel) sq.m. 1,700
Height
Main tower m. 310
Hill Terraces at Base m. 36
Retail cube m. 37
Offsite Parking m. 27
Floors
Main tower 77 (+1 below)
Hill Terraces at Base 6
Retail cube 7 (+4 below
Offsite Parking 8 (+1 below)
Dimensions
Main tower m. 39 x 39
Hill Terraces at Base m. 62 x 86
Retail cube m. 32 x 43
Offsite Parking m. 32 x 50
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STRUCTURES
 
 
Arup, Beijing / Hong Kong
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STAFF
 
Project architect
Ole Scheeren
Associate architect
Eric Chang
Project management
Tim Archambault
Design team
Giannantionio Bongiorno, Sirichai Bunchua, Sean Hoo Ch’ng, Darren Chang, Steven Y.N. Chen, Dan Cheong, Ryan Choe, Timothy Clark, Mitesh Dixit, Paola Mongiu, Joseph Tang, Shuo Wang, Xinyuan Wang
Collaborators
Chen Chen, Harvey Chung, Charles Curran, Jasmin Delic, Minqi Gu, Jerome Haferd, Zachary Heineman, Pengfei Liu, Anya Yan, Lichen Zhu
Executive architect
PACE Development Co., Ltd
Facades consultant
Front Inc., New York
Lighting engineer
Isometrix, London and Hong Kong
Consultant
Husband Retail Consulting, Hong Kong (retail consultant)
Vertical transportation
Arup, Beijing
Construction management
PPS, Bangkok
Structural consultant
CPI, Bangkok (Seismic and Wind Engineering Testing)
Graphic design
2x4 Inc, New York
JWT Thailand, Bangkok
Plastic models, rendering
Seventh Art, New York (computer renderings)
Crystal CG, Beijing (computer renderings)
Frans Parthesius, Rotterdam (architectural model photography)
 
 
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