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BUILDING
 
 
Shopping roof apartments
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DESIGNER
 
 
Ofis
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DESCRIPTION
 
The initial task required by the client was to build a new shopping mall on the plot of the existing one.
Furthermore the new project proposed the use of the shopping roof for additional volume-as new apartments.
The wooden mass is located centrally in the village of Bohinjska Bistrica in the alpine area of Lake Bohinj. The village has beautiful views towards the mountains but unfortunately it was architecturally damaged in the 60s with a textile factory and housing blocks, that were built around them. The textile factory was later closed down and the site was then occupied by the old shopping mall and today the new one. The side views therefore are not very nice.
Concept
The organization of the housing and the envelope of the apartments open towards mountain views and the sun. Therefore the front, wooden facade is mostly transparent with panoramic windows. The side facade is closed - the windows open towards the balcony that is cut into the volume. From the side windows the view is also open to the mountains.
The staircase-like volume of the building follows the silhouette of surrounding landscape. On top of the shopping mall apartments are set in the form of a differenciated L-volume.
From the west, strong wind and snow arrive and the facade is opened only towards enclosed balconies and its material is gray slate - it is designed as a vertical roof. The L-shaped volume encloses inner communal garden that is the roof of the shopping mall.
The front and courtyard facade is warm and opened, made of wooden vertical panels with different rhythm.  Wood - local larch is used - and slates in diagonal pattern are traditional materials used for roof and facade. Play of transparency formed by wooden vertical panels that form balcony fences, facade panels or masks characterize the north and south part of the building. On the east and west pitched rhomboid-textured roof interpolates into vertical surfaces that protect apartments from snow and wind. Shopping mall facade is combination of steel and glass panels.
Apartments are of different sizes - from 40m² studio flats up to 120m² apartment with gallery. They are made of local materials such as wooden oak floors; granite tiled bathrooms and mainly have large windows with metal blinds. The concept of structure is made in a way that floor plans are flexible, since the only structural walls are those that separate the apartment shell from the rest of the building. All other inner walls are non-structural.
Structure
The structure is made as combination of columns in the shopping mall area and structural walls in the area of shopping storages and services. The same structure is adapted towards the cellar, where parking is located, and towards the upper floors, where the apartments are. The slabs are of reinforced concrete, the rest of walls are brick.
The pitched roof is made as a combination of flat roof at the top of the building. The purpose is to hide all fixtures such as chimneys, ventilation and external air-conditioning. 

Edited by Ofis arhitekti
If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos and drawings, enter here
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ECO-SUSTAINABILITY'
 
General ecology
The existing roof of the shopping mall is used for additional 62 apartments; no floor spaces were used. Both shopping mall and apartments have better sustainability issues, use the same constructive and isolative material and both save more energy and function more economical. Together they create a sort of environmental economic coexistence.

Edited by Ofis arhitekti
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Slovenia [Slovenija]
Region
Gorenjska
Town
Bohinj
Hamlet
Bohinjska Bistrica
Address
Trg Svobode
 
 
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MAP
 
 

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TYPOLOGY
 
ARCHITECTURE
Residential buildings
Multiple dwelling
Commercial buildings
Department stores, supermarkets, shopping centres, etc.
Operations on existing buildings
Extension, superelevation
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2006    
Realisation
2006 - 2008
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
"Shopping Roof apartments. Bohinjska Bistrica, Slovenia. Ofis Arhitekti", A+U. Architecture and Urbanism, 3/2009, march 2009 [Architecture in Croatia and Slovenia], pp. 88-93
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CLIENT
 
 
Gradis G Group, Mercator d.d.
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
sq.m. 7,500
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STRUCTURES
 
 
Projecta d.o.o.
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STAFF
 
Project architect
Rok Oman, 
Špela Videčnik
Design team
Martina Lipicer,
 Andrej Gregoric, 
Meta Fortuna
Assistants
Jelka Solmajer (Mercator Optima)
Mechanical engineer
Bam-bi d.o.o.
Electrical engineer
EL-projekt d.o.o.
Transport planning
Tegainvest d.o.o.
Developer
Gradis G group
 
 
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