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BUILDING
 
 
Departamento de Sanidad y Osakidetza del Gobierno Vasco
Basque Health Department Headquarters
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DESIGNER
 
 
Coll-Barreu Arquitectos
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DESCRIPTION
 
The new Basque Health Department headquarters is located at the last block that was still unbuilt in the administrative and Business Center of Bilbao. Until now, the institution was suffering the spread of its staff in several buildings, hardly recognizable by citizens, separated from each other and inconvenient for both users and technical services. The aim of the new building is to reunite the staff in a recognizable place, in order to increase the efficiency of the service and easily identify the corporation. At the same time, the project involves both economic and property profits.
The site is located at the crossroads of two important streets of the Ensanche, designed in 1862. The restrictive city rules compel to repeat the shape of the neighbouring walls, reducing penthouses according to a curved directive, chamfering the corner and building a tower on it.
The building concentrates the services and communications area in a vertical spine attached to the longest party hedge and generates seven open floors assigned for offices. Above this, there are two floors for local representative and institutional use. The board hall takes up the double volume of the tower. The assembly hall, its lobby and its appendixes are situated in the first basement. Further below there are two parking floors and one fourth level for archives. The car lifts allow access to all the basement levels.
The double façade solves not only urban requirements but also those concerning energetic, fire-resistant and acoustic insulation from outside. This climatic improvement enables the elimination of the conventional air-conditioning installation as well as the false ceiling. Thus, the sound produced by the building is reduced, air recirculation in workplaces disappears, with a significant increase of health conditions. The volume occupied per floor is also reduced.
The façade responds to the investigation launched by Coll-Barreu Arquitectos in their latest projects, which considers a wrapper system. The construction techniques, the operation of the building, the energy exchange, the city and also the very desire to be ...take part in the system definition, but never the elevation or the composition. The system must provide a valid response to the different situations generated in the façade. Instead of merely setting the building on the one hand and shaping the urban space on the other, the façade system should become a social vehicle.
The folded façade generates multiple visuals from inside to the streets below, and from the higher floors on to the landscape that surrounds the city, a highly effective mechanism for the incorporation of urban vitalism inside the building. The workspace benefits of the permeable, passable and liveable volume of the façade, that enables the building to breathe and the space exchange between inside and outside. The façade system of the building is similar to the experience of sitting on the threshold of a house, facing the road and with the back into the home.

Edited by Coll-Barreu Arquitectos
If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos and drawings, enter here
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Spain [España]
Region
Basque Country [País Vasco (Euskadi)]
Province
Vizcaya (Bizkaia)
Comarca
Gran Bilbao
Town
Bilbao (Bilbo)
District
Abando
Address
Poza Licentziatuaren Kalea/Alameda Recalde
 
 
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MAP
 
 

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TYPOLOGY
 
ARCHITECTURE
Buildings for offices and professional practises
Offices
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
2003 - 2004     project winner of competition
Realisation
2004 - 2008
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
"A Bilbao il Guggenheim fa tendenza", Il giornale dell'architettura 67, novembre 2008, "Città, infrastrutture e territorio" p. 51
Beatrice Galilee, "Crimes against design: Basque Health Department headquarters. Coll-Barreu Arquitectos", Icon 65, november 2008, p. 71
Carlos M. Guimaráes, "Update: Young Basques", A10 new European architecture 23, september-october 2008, "On the spot" p. 8
"Basque Government Sanitation Department, Bilbao, Juan Coll-Barreu, 2008", A10 new European architecture 23, september-october 2008, "On the spot" p. 8
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CLIENT
 
 
Departamento de Sanidad y Osakidetza del Goberno Vasco
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AMOUNT
 
 
€ 13.000.000
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
site sq.m. 9.200
footprint sq.m. 8.800
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STRUCTURES
 
 
Mintegia y Bilbao
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STAFF
 
Collaborators
Fernando de la Maza, Jorge Bilbao, Pablo Castro, Gorka García
Electrical engineer
ndotec
Quantity surveyor
Víctor Mora Peña
 
 
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