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BUILDING
 
 
Wembley Stadium
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DESIGNER
 
 
Norman Foster

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DESCRIPTION
 
.
Foster + Partners HOK Sport Wembley Stadium LondonThe completion of Wembley National Stadium designed by Foster + Partners and HOK Sport, heralds a new chapter for Britain’s iconic venue. With facilities designed to world-class standards and an unparalleled attention to spectator comfort, the stadium’s rich legacy will continue for millions of sports and music fans.

Foster + Partners HOK Sport Wembley Stadium LondonOriginally known as the “Empire Stadium”, Wembley Stadium was built for the British Empire Exhibition of 1924 and was first opened for the 1923 FA Cup Final. Since then it has become the most important sports venue in Britain. Home to the England national football team, Wembley was the site of the Olympic Games in 1948 and the football World Cup Final in 1966. It has also acted as a venue for major rock concerts and other popular events.

The new Wembley Stadium will be the first of a new generation of sports stadia, with facilities unparalleled anywhere in the world, including banqueting halls, pre-function gathering spaces and facilities for media coverage. The design builds upon the heritage of the old stadium to provide future generations of sports and music fans with a venue equipped for the twenty-first century. When completed, it will form a new home for English football.

A key feature of the new stadium is its partly retractable roof. When fully open it allows sunlight to reach the whole pitch – an essential element in maintaining the world-standard quality of the turf. In poor weather, the roof can be closed within 1 hour, providing cover for all 90,000 seats.

The roof is supported structurally by a spectacular 135-metre-high arch that soars over the stadium, providing an iconic replacement for the old building’s landmark twin towers. Dramatically illuminated at night, the arch will be visible from vantage points across London.

Foster + Partners, HOK Sport, Wembley Stadium, LondonFacilities are designed to maximise spectator comfort and enjoyment of events: the stadium’s geometry with its curved seating tiers ensure that everyone has an unobstructed view; seats are wider than the previous stadium with more leg-room; the second and third tiers are easily accessed via escalators and a new concourse wrapping around the building allows easy circulation and provides catering for all, including 10,000 seated diners at any one time.

Foster + Partners, HOK Sport, Wembley Stadium, LondonTo create an intimate atmosphere during matches, the stadium has been designed with seats as close to the pitch as possible. However it also has the potential to host athletics track and field competitions, for which an elevated track and athletics arena can be installed above the pitch and the first few rows of the lower tier, supported by a temporary rigid deck structure. At the same time, acoustic performance has been given particular attention to continue the thrilling ‘Wembley roar’ that energises this spectacular venue.
Foster + Partners HOK Sport Wembley Stadium London
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
United Kingdom
State
England
Region
London
County
Greater London
Town
London
Address
Wembley Hill Road
 
 
Telephone
+44.020.8795.9000
Fax
+44.020.8795.5050
Website
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MAP
 
 
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TYPOLOGY
 
ARCHITECTURE
Buildings for recreational activities
Arenas and structures for concerts and shows
Sports buildings
Stadiums, grandstands
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
1996 - 2002    
Realisation
2003 - 2007
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AWARDS
 
2008
RIBA Award
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
Stefania Suma, "Nuovo Stadio di Wembley, Londra, Regno Unito/New Wembley National Stadium, London, United Kingdom", L'industria delle costruzioni 413, maggio-giugno/may-june 2010 [Architetture per lo sport], pp. 22-31
"Wembley. Uno stadio tutto nuovo", Rapporto Ceramiche, allegato a Il giornale dell'architettura 64, luglio-agosto 2008, p. 23
"Foster en Wembley, el mito abre de nuevo", Arquitectura Viva 111, noviembre-diciembre/november-december 2007, "Breves" p. 15
Cristina Molteni, "Il nuovo Wembley Stadium/The new Wembley Stadium", OF Arch 99, novembre-dicembre/november-december 2007, "Architettura" pp. 74-81
Christopher Hill, "Wembley-Stadion in London", Detail 7/8 2007 [Bauen mit stahl/Steel Construction/Architecture in acier], "Berichte/Report" p. 790
"World Stadium Team/Norman Foster and HOK S+V+E. Wembley National Stadium. London, U.K.", GA Document 98, july 2007, pp. 72-85
David Jenkins (ed.), Patrick Barclay, Kenneth Powell, Wembley Stadium National Icon, Prestel, München 2007
Ingrid Paoletti, "Wembley va ai supplementari", Il giornale dell'architettura 39, aprile 2006, pp. 1, 14
Ingrid Paoletti, "...e vetro per Wembley", Il giornale dell'architettura 23, novembre 2004, p. 17
Valentina Croci, "Nuovi scenari ecosostenibili/New Eco Sustainable Scenarios", Ottagono 167, febbraio/february 2004, pp. 140-141 (140-153)
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CLIENT
 
 
Wembley National Stadium Limited
The Football Association
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AMOUNT
 
 
£ 350.000.000
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Capacity
Football (soccer)/Rugby: 90.000 seats
Concerts: 75.000 seats
Athletics: 68.400/72.000 seats
Dimensions
m. 300 east-west
m. 280 north-south
Height
m. 133
Surface
site sq.m. 500.000
floor sq.m. 170.000
Number
12 restaurants
2.600 toilets
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STRUCTURES
 
 
Mott Stadium Consort
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STAFF
 
Project
World Stadium Team
(Foster + Partners, HOK s+v+e)
Associate designers
HOK Sport
Design team
Foster + Partners
Norman Foster, Mouzhan Majidi, Ken Shuttleworth, Angus Campbell, Richard Hawkins, Huw Thomas, Alistair Lenczner, Colin Ward, Vincent Westbrook, Juan Frigerio, Zak Ayash, Tony Miki, Carlo Negri, Dion Young, Nathan barr, David Goss, Trevore Grams, Edward Highton, Phyllis Fat Yin Lam, Richard Locke, Eyal Nir, Erik Ramelow, Horacio Schmidt, Jonathan Scull, Chee Huang Seah, James Speed, Pearl Tang, James Thomas, Wing Sai Tsui, Andrew Wood

HOK sport
Rod Sheard, Ben Vickery, David Manica, Richard Breslin, Dale Jennings, Alastair Pope, Warrick Chalmers, Megan Ashfield
Systems
Mott Stadium Consort
Quantity surveyor
Franklin + Andrews
Sports facilities consultant
Sports Turf Research Institute
Consultant
Nathaniel Lichfield and partners
Supervision
Arup
Graphics and signage
Identica
General contractor
Multiplex
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos © Nigel Young / Foster + Partners
Drawings © Foster + Partners
Text edited by Foster + Partners
Courtesy of Foster + Partners

Foster + Partners, HOK Sport, Wembley Stadium, London



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