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BUILDING
 
 
Kapel Heilige Maria der Engelen
Chapel of Saint Mary of the Angels
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DESIGNER
 
 
Mecanoo
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DESCRIPTION
 
Third chapel built on the 150 year remains of the former chapels
Mecanoo Chapel Saint Mary of the Angels RotterdamIn 1998 Mecanoo architecten designed a new chapel for the R.K. Cemetery St. Laurentius in Rotterdam. This would be the third chapel for the cemetery, which was originally founded on the 13th of March 1865. This third Chapel, devoted to Saint Mary of Angels, was put into use in 2001.

Mecanoo Chapel Saint Mary of the Angels RotterdamThe Chapel of Saint Mary of Angels is situated on the exact location of a neo-classical chapel, which was completed in 1869. This chapel almost collapsed because of the unstable Rotterdam building ground. In 1963 a new chapel was built on top of the foundations of the old one: a building, which was shaped like a big wigwam, covered with copper, with a bell in its top. This chapel also suffered from foundation-problems. Again the building tended to collapse and had to be broken down. The third chapel therefore became a new foundation.

The routing of the Chapel of Saint Mary of Angels is based on a confidence in the continuation of life. You carry the deceased into the chapel, have a moment of reflection in a quiet, meditative building, and then leave the chapel in a single, continuous movement. The space has an organic form: a continuous curving wall raised seventy centimetres above the ground. The wall has an intense deep blue colour and texts from the Requiem appear on it in many languages; the cemetery is a place for the multicultural population of Rotterdam. The roof floats above the space like a folded sheet of paper. The golden ceiling is artificially lit from below. An opening in the ceiling allows daylight to enter the chapel in a ray of light, which is further accentuated at the moment when incense is burnt.
The chapel is standing on a platform of gravel within the outlines of the previous neo-gothic chapel. Two floors, inlayed with natural stone, mark the place of the priest and the congregation. In the bell tower, the bell from the chapel of 1963 is placed.
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LOCATION
 
Continent
Europe
Nation
Netherlands [Nederland]
Region
Zuid-Holland
Region
Rijnmond
Town
Rotterdam
Address
Nieuwe Crooswijkseweg 123
 
 
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MAP
 
 

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TYPOLOGY
 
ARCHITECTURE
Religious buildings
Churches and places of worship
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CHRONOLOGY
 
Project
1998 - 1999    
Realisation
2000 - 2001
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BIBILIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
 
 
Architectural Record 7/02, july 2002 [Architecture for Remembrance], pp. 98-101
Luca Molinari, "Mecanoo", Abitare 417, maggio/may 2002 [Olanda/Nederland], p. 158 (156-159)
Domus 844, gennaio/january 2002, p. 25
The Architectural Review 1257, november 2001, pp. 41-43
L'Architecture d'aujourd'hui 337, novembre-décembre/november-december 2001, pp. 46-47
GA Document 67, october 2001, pp. 60-65
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CLIENT
 
 
R.K. begraafplaats St. Laurentius, Rotterdam
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AMOUNT
 
 
€ 522,000
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DIMENSIONAL
DATA
 
Surface
sq.m. 120
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STRUCTURES
 
 
ABT b.v. (Delft)
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STAFF
 
Project
Mecanoo Architecten, Delft
Design team
Francine Houben, Francesco Veenstra, Ana Rocha, Huib de Jong, Martin Stoop, Natascha Arala Chaves, Judith Egberink, Henk Bouwer
Interior design
Mecanoo Architecten, Delft
Art intervention
Mark Deconink
General contractor
H&B Bouw b.v., Sassenheim
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CREDITS
 
 
Photos © Christian Richters
Model © Pieter Vandermeer
Text edited by Mecanoo Architecten
Courtesy by Mecanoo Architecten

Mecanoo Chapel Saint Mary of the Angels Rotterdam



If you haven't already clicked on the photo strip at the top of the page, for the gallery of photos [8 images] and drawings [1 image], enter here
 
 
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